Background documents

The Chemical Weapons Convention: A Commentary (Third Edition)
Edited by Walter Krutzsch, Eric Myjer, and Ralf Trapp, Oxford Commentaries on International Law, August 2014, OUP
Scott Spence, “Efforts by the OPCW to Promote Universality”, pp 27-36 and “Articles XVIII to XXI: Signature, Ratification, Accession and Entry-into-Force”, pp 419-422

National Implementation of the Chemical Weapons Convention: Using the law to prevent chemical weapons
By Yasemin Balci, CWC 3rd Review Conference Special Issue, Non-Proliferation Monthly, Special Issue 78 2013/II
English, French

The Future of the CWC: implications for national implementation
By Yasemin Balci, ‘The future of the CWC in the postdestruction phase’, European Union Institute for Security Studies Report No 15, March 2013, edited by Jean Pascal Zanders

National Implementing Legislation for the CWC
By Angela Woodward, OPCW Today, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 13-14, August 2012

Chemical terrorism: prevention, response and the role of legislation
By Scott Spence, Trust & Verify No. 131, Oct-Dec 2010, VERTIC

OPCW: The Legal Texts (Second Edition)
Compiled by Lisa Woolomes Tabassi, Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
With: Santiago Oñate Laborde, Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
With: Donata Rugarabamu, Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
With: Florian Fehres, Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
Hardback ISBN: 9789067043182
Publication date: February 2010

Improving CWC implementation: the OPCW Action Plan
Lisa Tabassi and Scott Spence, Verification Yearbook 2004, VERTIC

Impact of Scientific Developments on the Chemical Weapons Convention
(IUPAC Technical Report), Pure Appl. Chem., Vol. 74, No. 12, pp. 2323–2352, 2002. © 2002 IUPAC 2323, International Union Of Pure And Applied Chemistry
Prepared for publication by George W. Parshall, Graham S. Pearson, Thomas D. Inch, and Edwin D. Becker.

The curious case of Kim Jong-nam and Malaysia’s CWC legislation
Scott Spence, Trust & Verify No.156, VERTIC, Spring 2017

NIM@10 A decade of implementation work
Scott Spence, Trust & Verify No.160, VERTIC, Spring 2018

Salisbury and the 1996 Chemical Weapons Act
Yasemin Balci, Trust & Verify No.160, VERTIC, Spring 2018

Strengthening accountability for CBW use
Cédric Apercé, Trust & Verify No.161, VERTIC, Summer 2018

CWC Annex on Chemicals changed for the first time
Thomas Brown, Trust & Verify No.165, VERTIC, February 2020

Implementation Assistance Programme (IAP)

IAP CWC Implementation Manual

CWC overview

Establishing a National Authority


Chemical products


Import / Export


Compliance activities



Free IAP software is available through the link on the home page of the IAP website.