Universality of the BWC
The Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) currently has 183 states parties and 4 signatories (as at 19 March 2020). For the status of membership of the BWC, please visit the BWC Implementation Support Unit’s website.
- benefit from the numerous capacity-building, training and development opportunities available to States Parties to the BWC;
- strengthen their national systems to prevent and respond to natural disease outbreaks affecting human, animal and plant health;
- improve their emergency capabilities to respond to biological weapons use;
- encourage investment in the biotechnology sector, by proving that they are responsibly abiding by the comprehensive prohibition on biological weapons embodied in the Convention;
- reduce the risk of biological terrorism occurring on their territory;
- demonstrate their commitment to biological disarmament; and
- satisfy certain obligations under United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540 (2004).
VERTIC has developed several tools to help facilitate ratification of or accession to the BWC, such as a factsheet on the BWC, the BWC Sample Act and the model instruments of ratification/accession below.