Review Conference documents and additional understandings

Final Declaration of the First Review Conference (1980) (BWC/CONF.I/10)


Final Declaration of the Second Review Conference (1986) (BWC/CONF.II/13/II)


Final Declaration of the Third Review Conference (1991) (BWC/CONF.III/23)


Final Declaration of the Fourth Review Conference (1996) (BWC/CONF.IV/9)


Final Document of the Fifth Review Conference (2002) (BWC/CONF.V/17)


Final Document of the Sixth Review Conference (2006) (BWC/CONF.VI/6)


Final Document of the Seventh Review Conference (2011) (BWC/CONF.VII/7)

Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish

Final Document of the Eighth Review Conference (2016) (BWC/CONF.VIII/4)


The BWC Implementation Support Unit, in the United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs, created the BTWC Additional Understandings Overview as a convenient reference to the Additional Understandings regarding the BWC. It is a guide only. See the official documents above for the authoritative texts of the Additional Understandings reached at the Review Conferences.

Background documents

Biological Threats and Veterinary Legislation – A Primer for OIE Delegates

World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), 2018 English

Biological Weapons Convention: Report on National Implementating Legislation

National Implementation Measures Programme, November 2016
English, French, Russian, Spanish

National implementation through an effective legislative framework (Chapter 3)

Scott Spence, Improving Implementation of the Biological Weapons Convention – The 2007–2010 Intersessional Process, Dr Piers Millet, ed., UNIDIR,  October 2011

Universalizing the BWC: challenges and opportunities

Rocío Escauriaza Leal, Trust & Verify No.134, VERTIC, September 2011

Universalization of the BTWC: The Case of the African Continent

Rocio Escauriaza Leal, L’Observatoire de la Non-Prolifération/The Non-Proliferation Monthly, No. 63, CESIM, September 2011 English, French

The Biological Weapons Convention: Securing Biology in the Twenty-first Century

Piers Millett, Journal of Conflict and Security Law 2010 15(1):25-43; © Oxford University Press 2010; all rights reserved.

National Implementation of the Biological Weapons Convention – The Case of India and Pakistan

Zahoor Ahmed, Research Paper No. 34, April 2010, South Asian Strategic Stability Institute (SASSI): Islamabad, Pakistan and London, United Kingdom.

BWPP Biological Weapons Reader

Edited by Kathryn McLaughlin and Kathryn Nixdorff, 2009

BWPP: Building a Global Ban – Why States Have Not Joined the BWC

BWPP, 2009

The Shortcomings of Indeterminacy in Arms Control Regimes: The Case of the Biological Weapons Convention

Jack M. Beard, 101 American Journal of International Law 271 2007

Achieving Effective Action on Universality and National Implementation: The CWC Experience

Scott Spence, Review Conference Paper No. 13 on Strengthening the Biological Weapons Convention (Department of Peace Studies, University of Bradford), April 2005

Banning biological weapons: national legislation in Africa

Angela Woodward, African Security Review, 14(1) 2005

National implementation legislation for the BTWC

Angela Woodward, BioWeapons Report 2004, BioWeapons Prevention Project (BWPP)

Enhancing BWC Implementation: A Modular Approach

Trevor Findlay and Angela Woodward, The Weapons of Mass Destruction Commission, October 2004

Time to lay down the law: national laws to enforce the BWC

Angela Woodward, VERTIC, November 2003