Implementing UN Security Council Resolution 1540

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540 (2004) was adopted on 28 April 2004. It is legally binding on all UN Member States. 

UNSCR 1540 is a response to the threat to international peace and security caused by the proliferation of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons, as well as their means of delivery, to non-State actors. The resolution aims to curtail this threat by requiring States to criminalize certain activities and to put in place appropriate and effective national laws and enforcement measures to prohibit and prevent the misuse of controlled items.

A State is obliged to implement the the obligations under UNSCR 1540 if it is a member of the United Nations. The resolution was adopted under Chapter VII of the UN Charter and is legally binding on all UN Member States.

UNSCR 1540 established the 1540 Committee and its experts, whose mandate has been extended by UNSC Resolutions 1673 (2006), 1810 (2008) and 1977 (2011) until 25 April 2021.