Export control over nuclear and other radioactive material
European Union export controls on dual-use goods
Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR)
The Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) was established in 1987 to encourage the limitation of the spread of ballistic missiles and other unmanned delivery systems that could be used for biological, chemical and nuclear attacks. The regime has 34 members.
Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG)
The NSG Guidelines aim to ensure that nuclear trade for peaceful purposes does not contribute to the proliferation of nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices, while not hindering international trade and co-operation in the nuclear field. The NSG Guidelines facilitate the development of trade in this area by providing the means whereby obligations to facilitate peaceful nuclear cooperation can be implemented in a manner consistent with international nuclear non-proliferation norms.
Documentation (INFCIRC/254 series)
First document (1978)
First Revision (1992-1993)
|INFCIRC/254/Rev.1/Part 1/Add.1 – Argentina||INFCIRC/254/Rev.1/Part 2/Add.1 – Argentina|
|INFCIRC/254/Rev.1/Part 1/Add.2 – Russian Federation||INFCIRC/254/Rev.1/Part 2/Add.2 – Slovak Republic|
|INFCIRC/254/Rev.1/Part 1/Add.3 – Slovak Republic|
First modification, with additions:
INFCIRC/254/Rev.1/Part 1/Mod.1/Add.1 – Finland and Spain
INFCIRC/254/Rev.1/Part 1/Mod.1/Add.2 – Argentina
INFCIRC/254/Rev.1/Part 1/Mod. 2
Third modification, with addition:
INFCIRC/254/Rev.1/Part 1/Mod.3/Add.1 – New Zealand
Second Revision (1995)
INFICIRC/254/Rev.2/Part 2/Mod. 1
INFICIRC/254/Rev.2/Part 2/Mod. 1/Add. 1 – Russian Federation
Third Revision (1997-98)
|INFCIRC/254/Rev.3/Part 1/Add. 1 – France||INFCIRC/254/Rev.3/Part 2/Add. 1 – Russian Federation|
|INFCIRC/254/Rev.3/Part 1/Add. 2 – Finland||INFCIRC/254/Rev.3/Part 2/Add. 2 – Belarus|
|INFCIRC/254/Rev.3/Part 1/Add. 3 – Australia||INFCIRC/254/Rev.3/Part 2/Add. 3 – Turkey|
|INFCIRC/254/Rev.3/Part 1/Add. 4 – Cyprus||INFCIRC/254/Rev.3/Part 2/Add. 4 – Russian Federation|
Fourth Revision (2000)
Fifth Revision (2002)
Sixth Revision (2003)
Seventh Revision (2005)
Eighth Revision (2006)
Zangger Committee Documents
Multilateral nuclear supply principles of the Zangger Committee (NPT/CONF.2000/17)
Multilateral nuclear supply principles of the Zangger Committee (NPT/CONF.2005/WP.15)
Zangger Understandings (communications received from States) (INFCIRC/20/Rev.2)
Zangger Committee - INFCIRC/209 series
First Document (1974)
The Zangger Committee Understandings were reached in 1974, and published by the IAEA as two separate memoranda. The memoranda, known as ‘trigger lists’, contribute to the understanding of Article III, paragraph 2 of the NPT. They give definition to the provisions contained in this article and provide procedures for the export of materials and equipment described therein.
First Revision (1990)
The first modification clarified parts of the trigger list, which refer to plants for the production of heavy water deuterium and deuterium compounds and equipment especially designed or prepared therefore.
The second modification clarified parts of the trigger list which refer to equipment especially designed or prepared for the separation of isotopes of uranium, and to primary coolant pumps.
Second Revision (2000)
Developments in nuclear technology brought about the need to expand the trigger list. The second revision to INFCIRC/209 amended the trigger list to include a new entry entitled plants for the conversion of uranium and plutonium and equipment especially designed or prepared therefor.