Andreas Persbo
Executive Director
andreas.persbo [at]

Andreas Persbo was appointed Executive Director in February 2010 by the Board of Trustees at the 2010 Annual General Meeting. Before that he has held positions as Researcher, Senior Researcher and Acting Executive Director. He also held the position of Company Secretary.

He specializes in nuclear arms control. This includes work on confidence-building measures between States and the verification of nuclear disarmament. Andreas is also responsible for maintaining the organization's watching brief on issues relating to the 1996 Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), the 1968 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and International Atomic Energy (IAEA) safeguards. He also monitors the development of verification mechanisms for the proposed Fissile Material Cut-Off Treaty (FMCT).

In addition, he acts as the chief liaison to the International Atomic Energy Agency and the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization in respect to national implementation of nuclear arms control agreements.

Andreas holds a juris kandidat (LL.B. LL.M) in public international law and European human rights from Stockholm University, Sweden. He was formerly legal practitioner as well as a consultant with the British American Security Information Council (BASIC).

He is a member of the International Law Association (where he is an occasional representative by proxy in the Executive Council) and the International Institute for Strategic Studies

View his public profile (which includes publications) on Linked-in.

Based in London, United Kingdom

Angela Woodward
Deputy Executive Director
angela.woodward [at]

Angela Woodward was appointed Deputy Executive Director in October 2014. She joined VERTIC in April 1999 and held a succession of posts, including Executive Director from 2007-2009 when she stepped down to return to live in New Zealand, from where she managed the NIM Programme from 2009-2014.

She specializes in the legal, policy and technology aspects of arms control and disarmament verification, primarily in the biological, chemical and conventional weapons fields. She has published and spoken widely on BTWC implementation and verification. In 2005 she initiated VERTIC’s programme to provide legislative assistance for national implementation of the BTWC. 

In addition to her VERTIC work, she has served on New Zealand's Public Advisory Committee on Disarmament and Arms Control (PACDAC) since 2011, and is a Member of the International Institute for Strategic Studies(IISS) and an Adjunct Senior Fellow in the School of Law, University of Canterbury, New Zealand. She is also a UK expert to the EU CBRN Risk Mitigation and Centres of Excellence Initiative.

Angela was an adviser to the chair of the UN Group of Governmental Experts on Verification in All its Aspects in 2006 and from April 2006 to March 2007 she was the Legal Coordinator for the EU Joint Action on the BTWC (2006/184/CFSP). During January 1998 to April 1999 she worked for the Programme for Promoting Nuclear Non-Proliferation (PPNN) at the Mountbatten Centre for International Studies, University of Southampton, United Kingdom.

Angela holds an LLM in Public International Law (Merit) and a post-graduate certificate in higher education (PGCHE) from the London School of Economics and Political Science, University of London, and a BA (Hons) in Political Science and an LLB from the University of Canterbury, New Zealand. View her profile on LinkedIn.

Based in Christchurch, New Zealand.

Larry MacFaul
Acting Programme Director for Verification and Monitoring
Editor-in-Chief, VERTIC publications
larry.macfaul [at]

Larry is a Senior Researcher with the Verification and Monitoring Programme where he works on arms control, security, environment and trade issues. He has published and spoken widely on these areas. Larry carries out analysis, project development and management, and government capacity-building. His work has covered a range of issues including illicit trafficking in radioactive materials, nuclear safeguards, nuclear disarmament verification, conventional arms trade controls, the UN climate change treaty, and illegal production and trade in natural resources. He works with governments, international organisations, businesses, research institutes and other stakeholders.

Larry is editor of VERTIC’s Trust & Verify publication series and a member of the editorial board for the international journal Climate Law.

Larry holds a Master’s degree from the London School of Economics and a BA Hons from Oxford University.

Based in London, United Kingdom.

Scott Spence
Programme Director for National Implementation
scott.spence [at]

Scott is the Programme Director for the National Implementation Measures (NIM) Programme. He oversees the strategic vision and technical delivery of the programme, which works with interested governments on comprehensive national implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1540, the Biological and Chemical Weapons Conventions, and certain international instruments to secure nuclear and other radioactive material. This includes awareness-raising activities, promoting universal membership in several treaties and legislative assistance. 

Scott previously worked at INTERPOL and the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW). He also worked as an attorney in the New York office of Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer.

Scott developed the 'National Legislation Implementation Kit on Nuclear Security' as well as VERTIC's 'Legislative Guide to National Implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1540'. He also co-developed the 'Sample Act' for national implementation of the Biological Weapons Convention, and prepared VERTIC's 'Regulatory Guidelines' for implementation of the BWC and the OPCW's 'National Legislation Implementation Kit' for the Chemical Weapons Convention. His other publications can be found here.

Scott earned a Juris Doctor from the University of Virginia School of Law. He also has an LL.M. in Public International Law from Leiden University; undergraduate and graduate degrees from the University of Virginia (with high distinction) and Harvard University; and a Diplôme d’Université de Troisième Cycle in International Nuclear Law (très bien (highest honours)) from the International School of Nuclear Law at the Université Montpellier I.

Scott is a registered attorney with the New York State Unified Court System. He is also a member of the International Nuclear Law Association (and Secretary of the Nuclear Security Working Group) and International Law Association.

Scott speaks French and Spanish and is based in Geneva. He's Linked in.